Create Tickets with the Zendesk API in Python

Ndafara Tsamba

March 13, 2023

Zendesk is an omnichannel customer service solution that's easy to use and scale. It integrates all channels through which customers reach out to your business, such as email, phone, chat, messenger, and social media, and records client communication as tickets to be resolved.

In addition to customer service management, Zendesk provides sales customer relationship management (CRM) through Zendesk Sell, enhancing productivity and prospect stage visibility for the sales team. It also offers powerful reporting that you can tailor to your business's needs.

In this article, you'll learn how to create tickets with the Zendesk API using Python. This will allow you to integrate and extend your Python projects to use Zendesk. The code used in this article can be found in this GitHub repository.


Before getting to the step-by-step process of creating tickets, first take note of the things you'll need:

1. A Zendesk support account with token access enabled

If you don't have an account, you can sign up for a free trial.

You need to authorize your API requests to be able to view and make data changes for tasks such as creating tickets in your country. So, log in to your Zendesk account and go to the Admin Center. Select Apps and Integrations, then select Zendesk API under APIs. Enable token access and save the token. You will only be shown the token once, so save it in a safe place.

The screenshot below shows token access enabled with one active API token:

Token access

2. Python installation

You'll be using Python version 3.11 or later. Run the command python --version to see which Python version number you have:

Python 3.11.0

‍3. A virtual environment using venv

Run the command pip install virtualenv to install the virtual environment tool.

Creating Tickets on the Zendesk Portal

Before you create tickets using Python, it's helpful to create a few tickets on the Zendesk portal to help you understand what constitutes a Zendesk ticket.

Log in to the agent dashboard using the URL, where your_domain is the name of your domain.

The screenshot below shows only one ticket with the subject "Sample ticket: Meet the ticket." This is a default ticket that is created the first time you log in to the dashboard:

Agent dashboard

To create a new ticket, click Add. This will open a dialog where you can create a new ticket:

New ticket

Fill in the Subject, Body, Requester, Assignee, Type, and Priority fields. Your Requester and Assignee fields will be different from the ones below, as they will contain the user details in your Zendesk account:

The new ticket dialog should now look similar to the following:

Portal test ticket

Next, click Submit as New. You can also change this button to Submit as Open, Submit as Pending, or Submit as Solved, as shown below:

Submit options

After you click Submit as New, the ticket will be added to the dashboard at, as shown below:

Portal test ticket in dashboard

Create two or more tickets, but vary their type, priority, and visibility. The tables below offer some examples of the types of tickets you can create:

To make a private ticket, select Internal note in the body instead of Public reply, as shown below:

Private ticket

When you select Task as the ticket type, you'll have to provide a due date. In the example below, it's the fifth of December:

The Task ticket will look like this:

Task ticket

Below is a list of all the tickets created for this tutorial, categorized by priority:

All tickets

Creating a Python Project

Create a new directory and name it Ticketing_with_Zendesk_API.

Navigate to the directory and run the following command to create a virtual environment called ticketing_with_zendesk_api:

python -m venv ticketing_with_zendesk_api

After creating the virtual environment, you need to activate it. On Windows, run the following command:


To activate the virtual environment on Linux or Mac, run this command:

source ticketing_with_zendesk_api/bin/activate

Once the virtual environment is activated, install the requests package by running the following command:

pip install requests

Understanding the Anatomy of a Zendesk Ticket Request

Before you write the code, it's important to understand the anatomy of a Zendesk ticket request. Tickets in Zendesk are represented as JSON objects, and the following are some of their properties:

The full list of properties can be found in the Zendesk documentation.

Fetching Tickets

To fetch tickets, you need to send a GET request to a ticket endpoint. At the time of writing, the published ticket endpoints are as follows:

  • GET /api/v2/tickets
  • GET /api/v2/organizations/{organization_id}/tickets
  • GET /api/v2/users/{user_id}/tickets/requested
  • GET /api/v2/users/{user_id}/tickets/ccd
  • GET /api/v2/users/{user_id}/tickets/followed
  • GET /api/v2/users/{user_id}/tickets/assigned
  • GET /api/v2/tickets/recent

You'll be using the /api/v2/tickets endpoint, which gives you all of the existing tickets.

Create a file in the Ticketing_with_Zendesk_API directory with the name You'll use this file to fetch the tickets in your Zendesk account.

Put the following code in the file that you created:

import requests

# Set credentials
base_url = ''
request_endpoint = '/api/v2/tickets'
user = 'your_email' + '/token'
password = 'your_token'

# Request tickets from endpoint
response = requests.get(base_url+request_endpoint, auth=(user, password))

# Check status code
if response.status_code != 200:
    print("Response Code: ",  response.status_code)

# Decode JSON response and get tickets
data = response.json()
ticket_list = data['tickets']

# Loop through the tickets and print details
for ticket in ticket_list:
    print(f"Ticket ID: {ticket['id']}")
    print(f"Subject: {ticket['raw_subject']}")
    print(f"Description: {ticket['description']}")
    print(f"Priority: {ticket['priority']}")
    print(f"Due Date: {ticket['due_at']}")

The code starts by importing the requests package, which is a module that allows you to send HTTP requests. Next, it sets the credentials. For the base_url, replace your_domain with the actual domain name with which you signed up on Zendesk.

It then sets the request_endpoint with the endpoint that you want to hit on Zendesk. In this instance, it is /api/v2/tickets. Next, it sets up the user and the password. These are the authentication details that will be used to communicate with the Zendesk API. Replace your_email with the email you used to sign up, and replace your_token with the token that you saved earlier.

The code then sends a request to the endpoint using the requests.get() method, and you pass in the URL and the authentication details. The full line of code becomes:

response = requests.get(base_url+request_endpoint, auth=(user, password))

Next, it checks the status_code of the response. If it is not 200, it means that there was a problem, so it prints the response code that it got and then exits the application.

If it is 200, everything went well, and it proceeds to decode the response to JSON. It then loops through all the tickets, printing each ticket's ID, subject, description, priority, and due date.

To execute the program, run the following command in the terminal from the root directory:


The output of the code should be as follows:

Ticket ID: 1
Subject: Sample ticket: Meet the ticket
Description: Hi there,

I'm sending an email because I'm having a problem setting up your new product. Can you help me troubleshoot?

 The Customer

Priority: normal
Due Date: None

Ticket ID: 2
Subject: Portal Test Ticket One
Description: Demonstrating creating a public ticket
Priority: normal
Due Date: None

Ticket ID: 3
Subject: Portal Test Ticket Two
Description: Demonstrating creating a private ticket
Priority: normal
Due Date: None

Ticket ID: 4
Subject: Portal Test Ticket Three
Description: Demonstrating creating a high priority ticket
Priority: high
Due Date: None

Ticket ID: 5
Subject: Portal Test Ticket Four
Description: Demonstrating creating a Task ticket
Priority: normal
Due Date: 2022-12-05T10:00:00Z

The output should be consistent with the tickets you have in Zendesk. In this example, it's five tickets.

Creating Tickets Using Python

You've seen how to create tickets on the portal and then fetch them using Python. You'll now see how to create tickets with Python instead of the portal. Instead of sending a GET request, like you did for fetching, you'll send a POST request, and the published endpoint to send is /api/v2/tickets.

In essence, you'll construct your message using the ticket properties mentioned earlier, encode the data into a JSON payload, and then send it.

Create a file named in the Ticketing_with_Zendesk_API directory and put in the following code:

import requests
import json

# Set the credentials
base_url = ""
request_endpoint = "/api/v2/tickets"
user = "your_email" + "/token"
password = "your_token"
headers = {"content-type": "application/json"}

# New ticket information
subject = "Python API Test Ticket One"
body = "Demonstrating creating a ticket with the Zendesk API using Python"
type = "question"
priority = "normal"

# Package the data into a dictionary
data = {"ticket": {"subject": subject, "type": type, "priority": priority, "comment": {"body": body}}}

# Encode the data to create a JSON payload
payload = json.dumps(data)

# Send the HTTP post request
response =, data=payload, auth=(user, password), headers=headers)

# Check for HTTP codes other than 201 (Created)
if response.status_code != 201:
    print(f"Response Code: {response.status_code}. There was a problem with the request. Exiting.")

print('Successfully created the ticket.')

The code starts by importing the requests and json modules. The requests module is used to send your ticket to Zendesk, and the json module is used to encode your data into a payload that the Zendesk API accepts.

It then sets up the credentials as before. Remember to replace your_domain, your_email, and your_token with your actual values. It then sets up the headers. The Zendesk API expects a content type of application/json, so that is included here.

Next, it creates the ticket information by using some of the parameters that you have already encountered in this tutorial. This example uses subject, body, type, and priority. It then creates a dictionary that represents what the Zendesk API expects and encodes it into JSON format.

With everything it needs to create the ticket, it sends a POST request using the requests module.

If you get a 201 status code, it means that the ticket was created successfully, and a "Successfully created the ticket" message is printed. If the status code is not 201, there was a problem, so the status code that you got is printed, and it exits the application.

To execute the code, run the following command:


If everything went well, you'll get a confirmation message that the ticket was successfully created:

Successfully created the ticket.

To verify that the ticket was created, log in to the agent dashboard at, where you should see a ticket with the subject "Python API Test Ticket One."

Showing a Single Ticket

Instead of listing all the tickets in one output, you can show a specific ticket, but this is only possible if you know the ticket ID of the ticket you want to show. This method works by using a GET request to the published endpoint at /api/v2/tickets/{ticket_id} and then replacing ticket_id with your ticket ID.

Create a file called and put in the following code:

import requests

# Set the credentials
base_url = ''
ticket_id = 6
request_endpoint = '/api/v2/tickets/' + str(ticket_id)
user = 'your_email' + '/token'
password = 'your_token'

# Request ticket from endpoint
response = requests.get(base_url+request_endpoint, auth=(user, password))

# Check status code
if response.status_code != 200:
    print(f"Response Code: {response.status_code}. There was a problem with the request. Exiting.")

# Decode JSON response and get the ticket
data = response.json()
ticket_data = data['ticket']

print(f"Ticket ID: {ticket_data['id']}")
print(f"Subject: {ticket_data['raw_subject']}")
print(f"Description: {ticket_data['description']}")
print(f"Priority: {ticket_data['priority']}")
print(f"Type: {ticket_data['type']}")

To execute the code, run the following command:


The output of the execution should be as follows:

Ticket ID: 6
Subject: Python API Test Ticket One
Description: Demonstrating creating a ticket with the Zendesk API using Python
Priority: normal
Type: question

The subject is "Python API Test Ticket One," which matches the one you created using the API in Python.

Authentication Errors

Things don't always work as intended, and you could encounter some authentication errors. Below are some of the authentication errors with their response codes that you might encounter:

These errors can be fixed by checking if you are authorized to perform API calls. If you're authorized, check whether you're using the correct user and token details.

You can find the full list of errors you can encounter in the Zendesk developer documentation.


In this article, you learned how to create and show tickets with the Zendesk API in Python.

Doing this manually for each integration you use can be tedious, though. If you have to integrate several tools, consider Merge, a unified API for over forty integrations that include ticketing, human resources, CRM, and accounting.

Instead of learning each API, you only have to know how Merge works to interact with the different APIs that it supports. And if you don't see the integration you need, let Merge know, and they'll add it fast—at no extra charge to you.

Email Updates

Subscribe to the Merge Blog

Get stories from Merge straight to your inbox

Subscribe to Blog